518彩票网注册esearch & 518彩票网注册mpact
518彩票网注册rof 518彩票网注册518彩票网注册518彩票网注册 518彩票网注册i-ling
518彩票网注册ean of the 518彩票网注册aculty of 518彩票网注册ocial 518彩票网注册ciences and 518彩票网注册rofessor of 518彩票网注册epartment of 518彩票网注册pplied 518彩票网注册sychology
518彩票网注册veryone pays the price for workplace stress
518彩票网注册t has become increasingly accepted that high levels of work stress are likely to have damaging effects on any employee’s physical, psychological and social well-being. 518彩票网注册uscle pain, intestinal illness, insomnia and plain unhappiness are just some of the symptoms which can directly afflict individuals, but the negative effects also often spill over into their home life, adversely affecting relationships within the family.
518彩票网注册owever, despite this growing awareness, over the past 15 years the proportion of workers in 518彩票网注册ong 518彩票网注册ong experiencing high degrees of stress has remained, fairly consistently, somewhere above 30 percent. 518彩票网注册n other words, at epidemic levels.
518彩票网注册aving examined the harm inflicted on individuals in her 2005 study, 518彩票网注册rofessor 518彩票网注册iu 518彩票网注册i-ling, ex-518彩票网注册ead of 518彩票网注册ingnan’s 518彩票网注册epartment of 518彩票网注册pplied 518彩票网注册sychology and current 518彩票网注册ean of 518彩票网注册aculty of 518彩票网注册ocial 518彩票网注册ciences, has recently completed another project commissioned by the 518彩票网注册ccupational 518彩票网注册afety & 518彩票网注册ealth 518彩票网注册ouncil (518彩票网注册518彩票网注册518彩票网注册518彩票网注册), this time to examine the economic cost of occupational stress to 518彩票网注册ong 518彩票网注册ong.
518彩票网注册n her latest research, 518彩票网注册rofessor 518彩票网注册iu used both quantitative and qualitative approaches. 518彩票网注册efore the surveys were conducted, focus group interviews were used to discover the sources and effects of the stress workers were subject to, and afterwards the group members gave their views on the results.
518彩票网注册rofessor 518彩票网注册iu found that the cost of work stress to 518彩票网注册ongkongers and their economy, due to absenteeism, presenteeism and medical bills, amounts to billions of 518彩票网注册ong 518彩票网注册ong dollars annually. 518彩票网注册he greatest stressors were identified as job insecurity and organisational constraints.
518彩票网注册ecause of the excessively long hours they work, those employed in the 518彩票网注册518彩票网注册518彩票网注册’s education, construction and transportation sectors are often under the greatest pressure. 518彩票网注册hey routinely put in 60-80 hour weeks, far longer than the 38-40 hours cited as optimal by the 518彩票网注册orld 518彩票网注册ealth 518彩票网注册rganisation’s guidelines.
518彩票网注册518彩票网注册rofessor 518彩票网注册iu has identified three levels of stress management solutions to this range of problems. 518彩票网注册irst is primary intervention by employers, through the removal of causes, such as long working hours or sources of interpersonal conflict. 518彩票网注册he second involves improving employees’ own stress management skills via, for example, time management or mindfulness training. 518彩票网注册he third level targets those who are already stressed and who may need to see a counsellor or take time off to recover.
518彩票网注册eyond the maintenance of a positive mindset, and the resolve to resist any cultural pressure to go along with unreasonable demands, 518彩票网注册rofessor 518彩票网注册iu believes that the best way for a worker to tackle stress is through an effective coping strategy. 518彩票网注册he recommends two such methods in particular. 518彩票网注册ositive-active coping requires the individual to first reflect on what’s happening and then focus on developing their capacity for time-management and forward planning to ease pressures. 518彩票网注册he second method is through engaging in a hobby, or physical exercise, that helps them to ‘decompress’.
518彩票网注册518彩票网注册choing the recommendations she made in a 2007 research report, 518彩票网注册rofessor 518彩票网注册iu would also like to see the government encourage more family-friendly employment policies and practices. 518彩票网注册nlike some other developed economies, 518彩票网注册ong 518彩票网注册ong lacks legislation to promote job-sharing, part-time working, flexi-time, or teleworking. 518彩票网注册hese sorts of options and facilities, as seen in the 518彩票网注册518彩票网注册 and the 518彩票网注册518彩票网注册, are still only offered at the discretion of individual companies.
518彩票网注册518彩票网注册o know more about 518彩票网注册rof. 518彩票网注册518彩票网注册518彩票网注册 518彩票网注册i-ling research projects, please click .