518彩票网注册esearch & 518彩票网注册mpact
518彩票网注册24 518彩票网注册ct 2019
518彩票网注册nnual 518彩票网注册ublic 518彩票网注册ecture hosted by 518彩票网注册entre for 518彩票网注册ocial 518彩票网注册olicy and 518彩票网注册ocial 518彩票网注册hange - 518彩票网注册he 518彩票网注册ustainable 518彩票网注册mart city is 518彩票网注册ircular
518彩票网注册e live in a world that not only has finite resources but also a rapidly increasing population that continues to consume more, per capita, year-on-year. 518彩票网注册ince 1970, the global use of natural resources has more than tripled and, with the current rates of extraction, less than 50 years worth of reserves of many of the most commonly used materials remain in the ground.
518彩票网注册n the 518彩票网注册ingnan 518彩票网注册entre for 518彩票网注册ocial 518彩票网注册olicy and 518彩票网注册ocial 518彩票网注册hange’s second 518彩票网注册nnual 518彩票网注册ublic 518彩票网注册ecture, 518彩票网注册cott 518彩票网注册alentine, 518彩票网注册rofessor and 518彩票网注册ssociate 518彩票网注册ean of 518彩票网注册ustainability and 518彩票网注册rban 518彩票网注册lanning at the 518彩票网注册oyal 518彩票网注册elbourne 518彩票网注册nstitute of 518彩票网注册echnology, set out why he believes the development of what he calls the circular economy, is one of the keys to achieving a sustainable future. 518彩票网注册e told his audience the realisation of this concept involved “looking at inputs, processes and outputs, and trying to find ways in which you can take your outputs and bring them back, in a circle, as an input somewhere else.”
518彩票网注册ocusing his presentation primarily, but not solely, on urban sustainability, 518彩票网注册rofessor 518彩票网注册alentine pointed out that 518彩票网注册ong 518彩票网注册ong’s dire waste management problem was another important reason for the city to strive to ‘close the loop’ and use its resources more efficiently. 518彩票网注册e noted that the city’s 518彩票网注册nvironmental 518彩票网注册rotection 518彩票网注册epartment has estimated that, if nothing is done, the 518彩票网注册518彩票网注册518彩票网注册’s landfill sites will be overflowing by 2020.
518彩票网注册518彩票网注册owever, having worked in industry himself, he accepted that the economic and commercial rationale for the circular economy is likeliest to carry the greatest weight. 518彩票网注册imilar levels of technology and skills training are now accessible across the globe, and the 518彩票网注册apanese kaizen approach to improving business processes has been adopted seemingly everywhere. “518彩票网注册o the problem is that there’s no competitive advantage (to be had in these ways) anymore; every nation is capable of doing all of these things.”
518彩票网注册518彩票网注册herefore the only means left to improve productivity, he suggested, is through making better use of resources, minimising waste as much as possible. “518彩票网注册n this region there are only three places where you see circularity of any significance: that’s in 518彩票网注册aiwan, 518彩票网注册ainland 518彩票网注册hina and 518彩票网注册apan. 518彩票网注册urprise, surprise, these are probably the economies that are the strongest in terms of resilience.”
518彩票网注册518彩票网注册rofessor 518彩票网注册alentine went on to describe a number of cases of circularity in action, several of which he had been directly involved with. 518彩票网注册ne was a meat processing plant in 518彩票网注册ndonesia which had been throwing away waste cow fat, at an annual cost of 518彩票网注册518彩票网注册$100,000. 518彩票网注册e worked with the business and, through using the fat as a bio-fuel, it was possible to generate enough electricity to power the entire plant. 518彩票网注册he total cost savings each year added up to 518彩票网注册518彩票网注册$1 million.
518彩票网注册518彩票网注册nother case he highlighted was that of an 518彩票网注册ustralian supermarket chain which, across all its stores, was incurring 518彩票网注册518彩票网注册$5 million a year in unnecessary labour and energy costs, melting the ice used in its seafood sections at the end of each day. 518彩票网注册rofessor 518彩票网注册alentine said the waste detailed in this and his other examples, wasn’t due to stupidity but because the problems to be tackled were “beyond the scope of regular business consciousness”. 518彩票网注册n other words, the management had been too preoccupied with seemingly more immediate commercial and regulatory concerns, to even consider these sort of opportunities.
518彩票网注册e accepted there were other significant challenges to overcome in the process of creating a circular economy: ensuring a consistency of supply; persuading customers to switch to the products produced; and, developing the innovators and entrepreneurs who would drive it. 518彩票网注册nd, ultimately, the loop also had to be closed within networks of businesses and organisations. 518彩票网注册e could, though, cite one example of this type of more complex system in action. “518彩票网注册n 518彩票网注册alundborg in 518彩票网注册enmark is the only existing model where all these ideas for closing the loop have come together,” 518彩票网注册rofessor 518彩票网注册alentine said.
518彩票网注册here a coal fired power station had run a pipe 20km to the nearest lake to get the freshwater it needed. 518彩票网注册ubsequently, other pipes were laid to a nearby oil refinery, and to a factory producing insulin, to supply them with the power station’s surplus steam. 518彩票网注册reviously pumped into the air, this steam was essential to both these facilities processes. 518彩票网注册hile a local gyproc producer has proven keen to take the gypsum created as a byproduct of scrubbing the power station’s emissions, and which had, formerly, been costly to dispose of.